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What is Jamstack?

Jamstack is a web development architecture that is becoming a popular trend in modern web projects. "Jam" in Jamstack is an abbreviation for JavaScript, APIs, and Markup. Jamstack projects are built based on the following principles:

  • Websites are built using static pages: Websites are created with static HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, and are stored on a Content Delivery Network (CDN) to speed up page load times.
  • Dynamic services are used through APIs: Instead of using dynamic server-side applications, Jamstack uses dynamic services through APIs. For example, a website can use APIs to retrieve data from a database or to send emails.
  • Static page generators are used: Static page generators such as Static Site Generator (SSG) are used to create static web pages from dynamic data sources such as Markdown files, APIs, or databases.

Jamstack has many advantages, including fast page load times, better security, flexible scalability, and easy management. Therefore, Jamstack is becoming a popular choice for web projects that require high speed and security

What are the benefits of Jamstack?

Jamstack brings many advantages over other traditional websites, including:

  • Faster speed: Since Jamstack websites are built with static pages and stored on CDNs, the page loading speed is significantly faster. This improves user experience and enhances the website's SEO ranking.
  • Better security: Jamstack websites use static pages, thus minimizing potential security vulnerabilities for hacker attacks. Jamstack websites are also often configured with better security.
  • Easy management: Jamstack websites are built with static site generators, making them easier to manage than dynamic websites. Without the need to manage a dynamic server or complex CMS software, Jamstack websites can be hosted on static hosting services and managed with git tools.
  • Flexible scalability: Jamstack websites can be developed and deployed on multiple different services and can be easily scaled. Therefore, Jamstack websites have more flexible scalability than dynamic websites.
  • Lower cost: Jamstack websites require fewer resources than dynamic websites, thus the cost of operating and maintaining the website will be lower.
What makes the Jamstack architecture different from other websites?

In Jamstack architecture, websites are built as pre-built static pages using static site generators such as Gatsby, Hugo, Nuxt.js, Next.js, etc. Content is stored on Content Delivery Network (CDN) servers instead of traditional web servers.

When a user accesses the website, a request is sent to the CDN server, which responds by returning the pre-built static files. Using these static files helps minimize the load on the server and improve website speed.

Therefore, in Jamstack, there are no dynamic servers and databases to serve content. Instead, it uses static pages stored on CDN servers to serve content. Dynamic data is accessed through APIs, then processed and displayed using JavaScript on the client-side. Using these static pages helps increase the security of the website as there are no dynamic databases to attack.


Is Jamstack suitable for large-scale projects?

Yes, Jamstack can be suitable for large projects. In fact, many large projects of global brands have transitioned to Jamstack and succeeded, such as Spotify, Airbnb, Amazon, etc.

With the Jamstack architecture, websites are built with static pages, which helps improve page load speed, security, and scalability. Additionally, Jamstack also allows websites to handle dynamic data through APIs, ensuring the dynamism of the website.

Therefore, Jamstack can be suitable for large projects, especially when combined with other modern technologies such as headless CMS content management systems, cloud services, and the latest JavaScript technologies for handling dynamic data.


How to manage Jamstack websites with frequently changing content?

Jamstack can solve this problem by using a Headless CMS - a content management system without a user interface, which provides APIs for accessing and managing content. Jamstack is a static web architecture in which websites are built with static HTML and dynamic resources are generated by APIs.

In Jamstack, a Headless CMS is used to manage website content. Users can add, edit, or delete content directly from the Headless CMS, and then the CMS will provide APIs to retrieve this content and add it to the website.

Instead of directly querying the database from the website, Jamstack uses the APIs of the Headless CMS to retrieve data from the CMS and create dynamic resources (such as JSON or XML) for use in the website. These dynamic resources are then served to users through a network of CDN (Content Delivery Network) services.

The benefits of using a Headless CMS in Jamstack include easy content management, high flexibility, and the ability to serve SEO-optimized content. It also allows developers to build static websites quickly and enhance security by removing dynamic elements from the website.


What is a static page? Why do Jamstack websites use static pages?

A static page is a website created using static HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, meaning that the website does not perform any tasks on the server before the website is served to the user. When a user accesses the website, these static files are immediately transferred from the server to the user's browser.

Jamstack websites use static pages because they provide many benefits, including:

  • Fast page loading speed: Because the website is created with static HTML, no processing is required on the server before the website is served to the user, so the website can be loaded faster than dynamic websites.
  • Reduced server load: Static pages can handle load better than dynamic websites because they do not require data processing and static file transmission is "lightweight".
  • Security: Because there is no server-side processing, static pages are less likely to be attacked by hackers.
  • Easy management and deployment: Because static pages do not require server-side processing, they can be managed and deployed more easily than dynamic websites.

With these advantages, Jamstack has become a popular choice for web projects that require fast page loading speed, high security, and good scalability.

Can dynamic features be used on Jamstack websites?

Yes, dynamic features can still be used on Jamstack websites. Although Jamstack uses static pages to serve content, Jamstack websites can still interact with dynamic data through APIs.

Typically, Jamstack websites will use APIs to retrieve dynamic data from databases or CMS systems, and then display this data on Jamstack pages using JavaScript technologies like React, Vue, or Angular.

For example, a Jamstack website may use APIs to retrieve customer information from a CRM system, and then display this information on the website to provide users with helpful information. Other dynamic features like website search or other features can be built using similar technologies.

So, Jamstack still allows the use of dynamic features on websites, but this approach will be different from the traditional approach of using dynamic servers.

Can Jamstack be used to build complex websites?

Yes, Jamstack can be used to build complex websites.

Although the architecture focuses on static pages, Jamstack websites can still interact with dynamic data through APIs.

To build these websites, server-side technologies and complex databases are often required. With Jamstack, instead of using complex databases, data can be accessed through APIs integrated with headless CMS or cloud services.

In addition, Jamstack websites can use client-side JavaScript technologies like React, Vue, or Angular to display user interfaces and interact with dynamic data. With this combination, Jamstack websites can build complex websites such as e-commerce websites, healthcare applications, or financial applications.

However, it should be noted that building complex websites on Jamstack requires special attention to architecture design and data management. If not designed and deployed correctly, these websites may encounter performance issues or affect scalability.

What makes Jamstack considered a new trend in web development?

Jamstack is considered a new trend in web development as it addresses many common issues in traditional web architectures. One of the biggest issues with traditional web architectures is slow page load speeds due to a reliance on dynamic servers and databases to serve dynamic content. However, with Jamstack, websites are generated as static pages and stored on a CDN, helping to increase page load speed and reduce latency.

In addition, Jamstack helps to reduce the complexity of web applications by separating different components of the application into independent blocks. This separation helps to make development and deployment easier, as well as enabling team members to work independently without affecting each other.

Jamstack also helps to improve the security of websites by removing unnecessary dynamic agents, minimizing the risk of attacks, and reducing security risks.

Furthermore, Jamstack websites have the ability to increase compatibility with SEO and scalability, making it easier for businesses to develop and expand. In summary, Jamstack is a new trend in web development because it addresses many common issues in traditional web architectures and meets the requirements of the current market.

What tools are used to build Jamstack?

The popular tools for building Jamstack are Nuxt.js, Next.js, Gatsby, and Hugo. These are powerful static site generators (SSGs) used to create static web pages for the Jamstack architecture. These tools allow programmers to create static web pages quickly, efficiently, with the ability to be compatible with Headless CMS, support GraphQL, SEO, and other dynamic features.

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